Rapid Computer (1893)

Martin (US), pages 118

Martin (Dtsch), pages 125

 

 

"The manufacturers were the Rapid Computer Adding Machine Company in Benton Harbor, Michigan, which was a branch of the Baker-Vawter Company. This machine will be described in detail under the name Comptator."

 

principle  tooth rack

capacity 

 9 x x 9 

input  stylus
prod. years  1893 - ?
mach. built  
features

 

dimensions  
weight  
known s/n  6303
    
for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture   

                                                                                        source: W.Szrek

 

 

 

 

 

Millionär (Millionaire) (1893)

Martin (US), pages 119 - 125

Martin (Dtsch), pages 126 - 132

 

 

"The main advantage of the Millionaire calculating machine, as against all other types of calculating machines, is the astounding speed with which it operates, especially while doing multiplication and division. Each place of the multiplier or quotient requires only a single turn of the crank, during which the necessary displacement of the result occurs automatically. 

The Millionaire machine is to be regarded as a proper multiplication machine in that it solves problems of multiplication directly on the basis of the multiplication table, whereas other types of calculating machines are only adding machines and, as such, carry out multiplication by a continued series of additions (exceptions are the machines by Bollée, Moon-Hopkins und Kuhrt).

Designer: Otto Steiger  of St . Gallen, manufacturer: H. W. Egli, A. G., Zurich."

Note: H.W.Egli also produced the Madas calculation machine

 

literature and links:

Stephan Weiss: Die Multipliziermaschine Millionär, Original und Modell

John Wolff: The "Millionaire" Calculating Machine - Technical Description

 

 

 Colin Labouchere captured his experience dismantling a Millionaire:

rechts klicken zum kopieren, links zum öffnen (160 kB) Dismantling a Millionaire Calculator

 

principle  multiplication body

for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture   

capacity 

   6 x  6 x 12

   8 x  8 x 16

 12 x  8 x 20

 10 x 10 x 20

input  sliders or full keyboard
prod. years  1893 - 1930 (?)
mach. built  
features

 manual or electric operation

dimensions  
weight  
known s/n  low: 178, high: 3.266
    
for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture   
© 2004 by Auction Team Breker, Koeln/ Germany

 

 

template for constants

add-on for the Millionaire to enter constants

principle  

for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture  

capacity 

 2 x 6

input  
prod. years  ca. 1915
mach. built  
features

 

dimensions  24 x 14 cm
weight  2,3 kg
known s/n  
    
for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture   
source: A.Pohl

 

 

model with double result register

principle  multiplication body

for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture 

capacity 

  8 x  8 x (16 + 16)

input  full keyboard
prod. years  
mach. built  
features

 

dimensions  
weight  
known s/n  3.010
    
for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture   
source: W.Szrek

 

 

 

Monopol-Duplex (1894)

Martin (US), page 125

Martin (Dtsch), pages 132 - 133

 

"This machine developed from a construction by W. Kuttner in Burgk. Later the production passed into the hands of Woldemar Heinitz of Dresden and still later to the Dresden Control Cash and Calculating Machine Factory, A.G. in Dresden. In 1904 the production passed to the Bicycle Works Salzer and Company, G.m.b.H., the present name of this firm being Schubert and Salzer A . G. of Chemnitz.

The Monopol-Duplex machine was the first pinwheel machine that possessed tens-carry in the revolution counter, thus for the first time ensuring appearance of the correct value in the revolution counter not only in ordinary but also in shortcut multiplications and divisions."

 

literature and links:

Martin Reese:  "Neue Blicke auf alte Maschinen"   (page 67 ff.)

 

Simplex

principle  pin wheel

for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture 

capacity 

 6 (w/o cr) x 6 (w/o tc) x 12 

input  cursors, rotating
prod. years  1894 - 1904
mach. built  ca. 200
features

 

dimensions  28 x 13 x 12 cm
weight  20 kg
known s/n  67, 77
    
for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture   
      source: Braunschweigisches Landesmuseum, photo: I. Simon

 

 

 

Duplex

double (nested) set of digits on the display wheels (09182736455463728190), where one set is hidden by a movable blind

Duplex 1 (up to 1904) carriage in front; Duplex 2 (up to 1914) carriage in the back

 

principle  pin wheel

for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture 

capacity 

 6 (w/o cr) x 7 (w tc) x 12 

input  cursors, rotating
prod. years  1894 - 1904
mach. built  
features

 

dimensions  27 x 22 x 27 cm
weight  23 kg
known s/n  118, 235, 247, 270, 312
    
for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture   
      © 2004 by Auction Team Breker, Koeln/ Germany

 

 

 

 

Saxonia (1895)

Martin (US), pages 126 - 128

Martin (Dtsch), pages 133 - 135

 

"This machine emerged indirectly from the Burkhardt Arithmometer; the owners of the Saxonia firm, Schumann and Company (Zeibig and Strassberger), had formerly been employed by Burkhardt for many years. It is therefore understandable that their product was rather similar to Burkhardt's."

"In 1920 the Saxonia factory was merged with that of the Burkhardt Arithmometer. The firm that produces the machine at the present time is Vereinigte Glashütter Rechenmaschinen-Fabriken, Tachometer and Feinmechanische Werke, Glashütte Saxony."

 

Saxonia 1895

principle  stepped drum

for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture 

capacity   various
production years  1895 - ?
machines built  
features  
 
 
   
   
    
for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture   
      © 2004 by Auction Team Breker, Koeln/ Germany

 

 

 

Saxonia 1910

also marketed under the brand "Reuter"

principle  stepped drum

 for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture 

capacity 

 various

input  small dial disk
prod. years  1910 - ?
mach. built  
features

 

dimensions  
weight  
known s/n  3095
    
for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture   
      © 2004 by Auction Team Breker, Koeln/ Germany

 

 

 

Saxonia 1912

also marketed under the brand "Reuter"

principle  stepped drum

 for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture 

capacity 

 8 (w cr) x 7 (w/o tc) x 12 also

 8x9x16, 10x9x16 and 10x11x20 

input  small dial disk
prod. years  ca. 1912 - 1922
mach. built  
features

 

dimensions  
weight  7 kg
known s/n  
    
for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture   
      permission granted

 

 

 

 

Saxonia 1926

principle  stepped drum

for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture 

capacity 

 10 (w cr) x 7 (w tc) x 13 also

 10 x 9 x 16 and 10 x 11 x 20 

input  full keyboard
prod. years  ca. 1926 - 1929
mach. built  
features

 

dimensions  34 x 25  cm
weight  11 kg
known s/n  
    
for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture   
      source: Antikma Auktionen - Rainer Rzepka

 

 

 

 

Ault (1897)

Cyclone Adding Machine

inventor: George L. Ault, Bartlett, North Dakota

US patent 595 592 from Dec 14, 1897

principle  disks

for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture 

capacity 

 

input  stylus
prod. years  ca. 1897
mach. built  
features

 

dimensions  with handle 24  cm, diam 18 cm
weight  2 kg
known s/n  
    
for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture   
      source: W.Szrek

 

 

 

Fossa-Mancini (1900)

Martin (US), pages 130 - 131

Martin (Dtsch), pages 136 - 137

 

"This is an eight-place adding machine with stylus setting."

manufacturing rights were transferred to Japy (F)

French patent 272.735 from Dec. 2, 1897

English patent 4.489 from July 1, 1899

 

principle  tooth wheel

for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture 

capacity 

 8 x  x 8

input  stylus
prod. years  1900 - ?
mach. built  
features  1-species
dimensions  
weight  
known s/n  126
    
for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture   
      source: W.Szrek

 

 

 

Mechanical Accountant (1900)

Martin (US), pages 129

Martin (Dtsch), pages 137 - 138

 

"This is an adding and subtracting machine that resembles, in appearance, the Mercantile machine but has a result mechanism and checking windows located above it.  The designer is J. A. V. Turck; manufacturers are the Mechanical Accounting Company in Providence, Rhode Island. A few machines reached Europe."

 

Simplex

principle  

capacity 

 various, w input cr

input  5 or 9 full keyboard
prod. years  1900 - ?
mach. built  
features  2-species, 1 row at a time
dimensions  
weight  
known s/n  12.920
    
for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture   

                                                                                                                        source: L.Wilhelm

 

 

Duplex

principle  

capacity 

 various, w/o input cr

input  5 or 9 full keyboard
prod. years  1900 - ?
mach. built  
features  2-species, multiple rows at a time
dimensions  
weight  
known s/n  4.932
    
for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture   

                                                                                                                        source: HJ.Denker

 

 

 

Berolina (1901)

Martin (US), pages 131 - 132

Martin (Dtsch), pages 138 - 139

 

"The Berolina is one of the oldest pinwheel machines, and its main parts have been described in the introduction. Originally it was manufactured by Ernst Schuster of Berlin, SW. 68, 87 Charlotte Street. In 1923 the manufacture transferred to the German-American Metallwaren Manufacturing and Trading Company in Berlin, S. 4231 Oranien Street, which marketed the machine, under Schuster’s management, under the name of Damhag. After dissolution of this company, in 1924 Ernst Schuster again took over production and sales."

"This firm also produces the Duplikator machine. This is the Berolina machine with two result mechanisms and two revolution counters."

The Berolina was also marketed under the name Multi-Divo outside Germany, BIS probably in Scandinavia and Svecia (ital. for Sweden).

Construction/Design: Chr. Hamann

 

Literature and links:

Martin Reese: "Neue Blicke auf alte Maschinen" , page 53 ff

 

 

Standard 20

principle  pinwheel

capacity 

 10 (w/o cr) x 10 (w/o tc) x 20

input  cursors, rotating
prod. years  1901 - ca. 1914
mach. built  very few
features  
dimensions  39 x 19 x 11 cm
weight  12 kg
known s/n  45
    
for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture   

 

 

 

 

Standard 13

principle  pinwheel

for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture 

capacity 

 9 (w/o cr) x 8 (w/o tc) x 13

input  cursors, rotating
prod. years  ca. 1915 - 1927
mach. built  
features  
dimensions  22 x 14 x 12 cm
weight  9 kg
known s/n  754 , 1 055, 1 122, 8 782
    
for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture   

 

 

 

 

Multi-Divo & Bis & Svecia

principle  pinwheel

for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture 

capacity 

 9 (w/o cr) x 8 (w/o tc) x 13

input  cursors, rotating
prod. years  from 1901
mach. built  
features  
dimensions  35 x 15 x 13 cm
weight  9 kg
known s/n  10 011, 10 043, 10 083
    
for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture   
      source: HJ.Denker

 

 

 

 

Duplicator

principle  pinwheel

capacity 

 9 (w/o cr) x (8 + 3 (w/o tc)) x (13 + 13)

input  cursors, rotating
prod. years  
mach. built  
features  2nd result and counter register
dimensions  38 x 22 x 17 cm
weight  14 kg
known s/n  21
    
for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture   
      permission granted

 

 

 

 

Calcumeter (1901)

Martin (US), pages 132 - 133

Martin (Dtsch), pages 139 - 140

 

"This machine is very similar to the adding and subtracting machine known as Patent Michel Baum, however it has several disadvantages as compared with Michel Baum’s machine. When entering digits larger than five, it is necessary to move the stylus in an arc of over 180 degrees; there are no means for checking whether the item to be added has been correctly entered; the machine does not have automatic clearance of all the windows, thus every dial must be individually set to zero; and the windows of the machine are positioned at the left of the digit circles between the digits 7 and 8. The machine was available with six, seven, eight, and nine places. It was manufactured in America and was imported into Germany via Hamburg in 1912 where it sold for about 100 marks. The number of sales was very small."

Manufacturer: Herbert North Morse, Trenton, N.J., USA

 

principle  tooth gear

for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture  

capacity   various
production years  1901   - ?
machines built  ????
features  
 
 
   
   
    
for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture   

 

 

 

 

Dalton (1902)

Martin (US), pages 133 - 137

Martin (Dtsch), pages 140 - 144

 

 

"Designer: Hubert Hopkins. Manufacturer: Dalton Adding Machine Company (located at first in Poplar Bluff, Missouri, now in Cincinnati, Ohio).

This is the most important of the printing, ten-key adding machines. "

 

Literature and links:

Peggy Aldrich Kidwell: The Adding Machine Fraternity at St. Louis: Creating a Center of Invention, 1880 - 1920. IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, June 2000, page 14 ff

Jay Goldman has a nice collection of Daltons advertisements at his web site 

 

principle  adding machine

for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture 

capacity 

 

input  10 key keyboard
prod. years  1902 - 1925
mach. built  
features
dimensions  
weight  
known s/n  12.253, 64.379
    
for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture   
      source: A.Jeanroy

 

 

 

Little Giant

principle  adding segment

for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture

capacity 

 6 or 7

input  10 key keyboard
prod. years  
mach. built  
features
dimensions  
weight  
known s/n  201.644
    
for bigger and more pictures, click on the picture   

                                                                                                                        source: HJ.Denker

 

 

 

last updated: 06.10.2013